热点汇 | 今天没发挥好?还不快来学几招!

热点汇 | 今天没发挥好?还不快来学几招!

新加坡高校圈·2015-11-22 16:00

The Examination Week is here! 对的,相信就算小编不戳穿真相,身处考试周的小伙伴们也已经感受到从四面袭来的重重恶意了...

大家还记得上周小编为大家呕血整理的备考锦囊吗?这次,小编将为大家奉上由同一位英国大学讲师结合自身经验以及多年的评卷工作所总结出的考试技巧!希望大家奔赴考场前都仔细参考~ You know, it's better late than sorry~

现在小编内心几乎是崩溃的...整理完之后顿时感觉以前那么多年的试都白考了...

祝大家考试加油!

 

考试技巧 Examination Techniques

1

Planning your campaign | 制定战略计划

The first thing to do is read over, carefully, the entire exam paper. Spend a good ten minutes reading before you write anything. In this time, work out which questions you are going to answer, which order you are going to answer them in, and plan your time in the exam: how much time you are going to spend answering each question. Take careful note of the marking scheme (see later) when making this plan. Write down the plan on the back sheet of your answer book - you can always score it out later. It helps you feel in control, and that helps keep you calm.

拿到考卷的第一件事应该是要仔细地阅读整张试卷。如果时间允许,提笔答题前花10分钟左右的时间在阅读试题上。在这期间,选择你要回答的问题,决定你将以怎样的顺序答题,并根据分数设置计划回答每一道问题需要花的时间。在答题本上列出这个计划,或许可以助你保持冷静,制造一切皆在掌控之中的氛围。

Don't be tempted to do a question on subject X just because it's the subject you know the most about. It might be a real stinker of a question. Are you sure you can do it? Which parts can you do? How many marks do you think you could get on the parts of the question you can do? You might find there is another, much easier question on subject Y, which you might not have chosen because you found subject Y is harder, or because one part of the question looks really difficult. Work it out for each part of each question: which question is likely to get you the most marks? Do that one.

不要因为你对某个章节理解最为透彻就选择从与这个章节相关的问题开始作答。或许这道题的难度超乎你的前期预测,而与此同时你又遇到另一道难度系数较低,不过是关于另一章节的试题。这时候,如果你认为自己可以从哪道题中获得更高的分数,那就这道题开始下手。

Reading the whole question is also important because many questions lead you through a problem - the answer to part a) is used in part b), etc. There might be clues in later parts of the question about what the examiner is expecting. Make sure you spot them.

完整阅读试题是至关重要的技巧 —— 第一部分的答案可能会在接下来的部分里用到。此外,题目里可能藏有出题人提供的解题线索,等着你去破译。

When working out timescales, try and balance the time spend on a part of the question against the marks you will achieve. If it's a 90 minute exam, and it's marked out of 60, then on average you've got 1.5 minutes to get each mark. Plan time accordingly. Remember: exam questions are not about writing down everything you know about a topic - if you do this you'll almost certainly run out of time. You're trying to get the best mark you can on the whole paper, not just on the question you happen to be doing at the time.

在时间上,尽量根据题目所占的分数决定花在某道题上的时间。如果这是一场90分钟的考试,试卷总分60分,那么平均下来你有1.5分钟去争取每1分。记住:作答的关键不在于写下你对于某个知识点所知道的一切,否则时间一定不够用。你应该尝试在整张试卷中取得尽可能高的分数,而不只是在某一题中取得高分。

2

Do the easiest questions first | 从简单的题目开始作答

There is absolutely no reason to do the questions in the order they are printed in the exam. I would recommend doing the easiest one(s) first.

在我看来,作答的时候完全不需要根据题号顺序进行答题。我建议应该从最简单的问题开始作答。

There are two reasons for this. Firstly, getting one question safely under your belt at the start of an exam is a wonderful boost to confidence, and can help reduce any feelings of panic that might arise when looking at the harder questions.

这是基于两个原因 —— 首先,在考试开始阶段的顺畅无阻往往会让你更有信心,并且可以帮助你舒缓遇到难题时的紧张心情。

The second reason is that the easiest question is likely to take less time than the average. That means you’ll be ahead of schedule from the start – another good confidence boost. It also means that when you get round to the most difficult question, you are free to spend all the time you have left on it, without having to drop it half-way through and come back to it later, if time permits – not a good idea if it can be avoided.

其次,简单的问题相较于其它题目只需要更短的时间就可以完成作答。这意味着考试一开始你就已经领先于先前制定的计划,让你信心倍增。这也意味着当你遇到最难的那道题目的时候你有足够的时间专心解答,不受到其它试题的干扰。

3

Look at the marking schemes – there's lots of useful material there | 从分数设置推测答题要求

We have strict marking schemes these days – it's part of the drive to be seen to be fair. So, if there are four marks available for the description of XXX, then the marking scheme will probably have four key points. Mention them all, and you get the marks. Often, for a question like this, I will have a list of five or six points, and give one mark for each of them, up to a maximum of four. One thing you can be (reasonably) certain of: if you haven’t made four key points, you've missed something.

为了公平起见,现在的考试都有非常严格的给分标准。例如,一道4分的题代表答案里需要提供4个得分点才能获得完整的4分。得分点的总数往往会超过4个,所以说如果你的答案里包含少过4个主要的得分点,那你一定错过了什么。

Don't spend half-an-hour writing a long essay for two marks. People still do this. It’s a waste of time – better spent on other parts of the question.

同样,不要在2分的题目上花写论文的心思。这纯粹就是浪费时间。

4

Don't get stuck. Move on. | 持续答题

Avoid writer's block, you haven't got time for it. If you get stuck on a question, move on. Start doing another one. Staring at a question you don't know how to answer is a waste of time, and you'd be amazed how often, when coming back to a question after half-an-hour, it suddenly becomes clear.

如果遇到你不知该如何应对的问题,先跳过并继续答题。盯着一道你不知道答案的问题是在浪费时间 —— 有时候过半个小时再转回来看说不定你灵光一现,难题也就此迎刃而解。

5

Take a bottle of water in with you | 随身携带水壶

 It's a good way of remaining calm. Also, you can get through a lot of nervous sweat during a hard exam. Your body will work better if you replace it. There is research that suggests this can make a significant difference to your grades.

在考场上适时补充水份可以让你保持冷静。研究表明这会让你的成绩有显著提升。

6

If you're running out of time | 时间不够用该如何应对

Suppose you've got time left to do one question, but two questions left to do. Which one do you choose? The way to maximise your marks is to do the first half of both of them. You gain marks faster at the start of a question than at the end.

比方说你现在只剩下完成一道题的时间,但你还剩下两道题没做。你该如何取舍?完成两道题的前半部分!这是因为题目的前半部分相较于后半部分更容易取得高分。

If you don't have time to write sentences, but you do know what to do, then just write bullet points. If you don't have time to do the calculations, write and explain what calculations you would do. You can get marks for method.

 如果你没有足够的时间将答案写成完整的句子,但是你知道你要回答的内容大致是什么,直接用点句作答就好。如果你没有时间进行实际运算,那么解释你本来要进行的是哪些运算及其背后的逻辑。你或许会因此得分。

7

Never leave an exam early | 杜绝提前离开考场

The only possible excuse for this is when you are absolutely sure that you have got 100%, and that should never happen. There is always something you can do to improve your paper. Check, and check again. When you’ve finished, start back at the beginning, and try to do the questions in different ways, and check they agree. Add more explanations.

提前离开考场的唯一原因就是你认为自己已经可以得到满分了,而这样的心态在考场上是绝对不可取的。重复检查,进一步完善现有的答案,这都有助于进一步提高你的成绩。

翻译\HL

美工\HL

主编\HL

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